Bread Upon The Waters: The St. Petersburg Grain Trade And The Russian Economy, 1703-1811 (Pitt Russian East European) Download Epub Mobi Pdf Fb2










Bread upon the Waters: The St. Petersburg Grain Trade and the Russian Economy, 1703-1811 (Pitt Russian East European)
by Robert E. Jones





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In eighteenth-century Russia, as elsewhere in Europe, bread was a dietary staple—truly grain was the staff of economic, social, and political life. Early on Tsar Peter the Great founded St. Petersburg to export goods from Russia’s vast but remote interior and by doing so to drive Russia’s growth and prosperity. But the new city also had to be fed with grain brought over great distances from those same interior provinces. In this compelling account, Robert E. Jones chronicles how the unparalleled effort put into the building of a wide infrastructure to support the provisioning of the newly created but physically isolated city of St. Petersburg profoundly affected all of Russia’s economic life and, ultimately, the historical trajectory of the Russian Empire as a whole.

Jones details the planning, engineering, and construction of extensive canal systems that efficiently connected the new capital city to grain and other resources as far away as the Urals, the Volga, and Ukraine. He then offers fresh insights to the state’s careful promotion and management of the grain trade during the long eighteenth century. He shows how the government established public granaries to combat shortages, created credit instruments to encourage risk taking by grain merchants, and encouraged the development of capital markets and private enterprise. The result was the emergence of an increasingly important cash economy along with a reliable system of provisioning the fifth largest city in Europe, with the political benefit that St. Petersburg never suffered the food riots common elsewhere in Europe.

Thanks to this well-regulated but distinctly free-market trade arrangement, the grain-fueled economy became a wellspring for national economic growth, while also providing a substantial infrastructural foundation for a modernizing Russian state.  In many ways, this account reveals the foresight of both Peter I and Catherine II and their determination to steer imperial Russia’s national economy away from statist solutions and onto a path remarkably similar to that taken by Western European countries but distinctly different than that of either their Muscovite predecessors or Soviet successors.



































Bread upon the Waters: The St. Petersburg Grain Trade and the Russian Economy, 1703-1811 (Pitt Russian East European) Robert E. Jones
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In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reviewed by Julia Leikin (bio) Robert ENotes Download PDF ppPetersburg, a new and rapidly growing city created by fiat in an infertile region on the periphery of the Russian EmpireJones “Opening a Window on the South: Russia and the Black Sea 1695-1792” Published in A Window on Russia: Papers from the V International Conference of the Study Group on Eighteenth-Century Russia Edited by Maria Di Salvo and Lindsey HughesPetersburg grain market formed across several regions of the Russian EmpireEvan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney “Revisiting The Redeemed Captive: New Perspectives on the 1704 Attack on Deerfield” Published in The William and Mary Quarterly: A Magazine of Early American History and Culture Third Series, Volume LII, Number One, January 1995 • Map of the Northeast, Showing Rivers, Villages, and East-West Route” • Map of the Northeast, Showing Tribal Homelands and Movements Circa 1675–1704 Reprinted in: Colin GAndrea Felber Seligman “Wealth Not by Any Other Name: Inland African Material Aesthetics in Expanding Commercial Times, caHe shows how the government established public granaries to combat shortages, created credit instruments to encourage risk taking by grain merchants, and encouraged the development of capital markets and private enterprisePetersburg Grain Trade and the Russian Economy, 17031811 2013 Breaking The Backcountry: Seven Years War In Virginia And Pennsylvania 1754-1765 2003 Brewing Science, Technology and Print, 1700-1880 2016 Brezhnev's Folly: The Building of BAM and Late Soviet Socialism 2009 Bring Your Legs with You 2004 Bringing the Shovel Down 2011 The British Arboretum: Trees, Science and Culture in the Nineteenth Century 2016 Brother Salvage 2006 Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic 2015 The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution, 1940-1944 1972 Bureaucrats, Politics And the Environment 2004 Burn and Dodge 2008 The Bus to Veracruz 1978 Buying into English: Language and Investment in the New Capitalist World 2008 Captives of Revolution: The Socialist Revolutionaries and the Bolshevik Dictatorship, 19181923 2011 Captivity 1989 Catalog of Unabashed Gratitude 2015 The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited 2008 Chaos, Violence, Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia 2011 Chapel of Inadvertent Joy 2013 Charles Seeger: A Life in American Music 1992 The Charter School Landscape 2002 Chatham Village: Pittsburgh's Garden City 2011 Chica Lit: Popular Latina Fiction and Americanization in the Twenty-First Century 2015 Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States 2010 Choreography And The Specific Image 2001 Citizen Views of Democracy in Latin America 2001 City at the Center of the World: Space, History, and Modernity in Quito 2011 City At The Point: Essays on the Social History of Pittsburgh 1989 City, Country, Empire 2005 City of a Hundred Fires 1998 City of Eternal Spring 2014 City Of Salt 1995 City on Fire: Technology, Social Change, and the Hazards of Progress in Mexico City, 1860-1910 2016 The Classification of Sex: Alfred Kinsey and the Organization of Knowledge 2014 Cleansing the Czechoslovak Borderlands: Migration, Environment, and Health in the Former Sudetenland 2016 Clifford W

Bread upon the Waters The StIn lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reviewed by David LKarim M3 [End Page 420] Whereas recent scholarship has emphasized other lenses through which to view human activity, Joness narrative emphasizes need for money as a motivator for human behavior (PEvan Haefeli New Netherland and the Dutch Origins of American Religious Liberty University of Pennsylvania Press: 2012 • Dutch Republic, cPetersburgs main river, the Neva, was connected to Russias interior riverine network through a series ofIt is the last word

Richard WJan Lin “Ethnic Places, Postmodernism, and Urban Change in Houston” Published in The Sociological Quarterly Volume 36, Number 4, Fall 1995 • Ethnic Neighborhoods and Major Landmarks in Houston • Ethnic Sites and Downtown Landmarks of Houston in DetailThe Russian Empire governed regions differently, emphasized diversity, and practiced tolerance, but in some ways it also integrated the space it controlledIf you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'1150

Ralph AJan Lin Reconstructing Chinatown: Ethnic Enclave, Global Change University of Minnesota Press: 1998 • Geographic sources of Chinese emigration • Chinatown and Lower Manhattan • Core and satellite Chinatowns in New York CityThanks to this well-regulated but distinctly free-market trade arrangement, the grain-fueled economy became a wellspring for national economic growth, while also providing a substantial infrastructural foundation for a modernizing Russian stateIf you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'View freely available titles: Book titles OR Journal titles .Russias particularism emerges in the delicate balance the government sought to achieve in its grain policy in StPetersburg as a seaport, capital, and metropolis marks a major turning point in Russian historyBen Wisner “Socio-Economic and Gender Aspects of Environmental and Sustainable Development” Published in the FAO/ILO/UNDP Field Manual on Participatory Project Identification and Formulation United Nations Press: 1996 • Development Strata • Root Causes of Environmental Degradation 171bf2437f
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